New Virus: The Bourbon Virus

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have released a new article about the Bourbon virus.

Only one case has been confirmed (in Kansas).  The disease is thought to be transmitted to humans by ticks or possibly other insects and it has likely been undiagnosed or misdiagnosed in the past.

There is also an ahead of print article pertaining to this in Emerging Infection Diseases titled Novel Thogotovirus Species Associated with Febrile Illness and Death, United States, 2014.

From the abstract to this article:

A previously healthy man from eastern Kansas, USA, sought medical care in late spring because of a history of tick bite, fever, and fatigue. The patient had thrombocytopenia and leukopenia and was given doxycycline for a presumed tickborne illness. His condition did not improve. Multiorgan failure developed, and he died 11 days after illness onset from cardiopulmonary arrest. Molecular and serologic testing results for known tickborne pathogens were negative. However, testing of a specimen for antibodies against Heartland virus by using plaque reduction neutralization indicated the presence of another virus. Next-generation sequencing and phylogenetic analysis identified the virus as a novel member of the genus Thogotovirus.

Discuss this post on our discussion forums.