Glossary

A

Ahamkara: Ego.

Akasa: Space.

Ap: Water.

Atharvaveda: Veda = knowledge. The Atharvaveda is the last of the four Vedas, the classic Hindu texts.

Ayurveda: As a simplification, the term Ayurveda refers to the knowledge or study of life.

B

Bala cikitsa: Bala = child, cikitsa = treatment. Bala cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to pediatric medicine.

Basala:  Basala is equated to consumption, the opposite of takman (fever or excess), and is the archetypal deficiency disease.

C

Cala: Movement.

D

Damstra cikitsa: Damstra cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to the treatment of those things commonly considered under toxicology.

Dharma: Doctrine, duty, teachings and skillful means of leaving.  This term is used by Hinduism, Buddhism, and other religions and can have varied meanings.

Drava: Fluid.

E

F

G

Gandha:  The manifestation of subtle energy expressed as odor.

Graha cikitsa: Graha cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to the treatment of  disorders of the mind, spiritual possession, and medical astrology.

Guna: Quality.

Guru: Heavy.

H

I

J

Jara cikitsa: Jara = aging, cikitsa = treatment. Jara cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to the treatment and prevention of  the effects of aging.

Jnana indriyani: The five sense organs.

Jvara: Fever.

K

Karma indriyani: The five organs of action.

Kathina: Hard.

Kaya cikitsa: Kaya = body, cikitsa = treatment.  Kaya cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to internal medicine.

Khara: Rough.

L

Laghu: Light.

M

Mahabhutani: The five basic physical essences (earth, space, fire, winder, water) that underlay the manifestation of matter.

Mahat: Transcendent intelligence.

Manas: Mind.

Manda: Slow.

Maya: Illusion.

Mrdu: Soft.

N

O

P

Panca kosa: The five sheaths of being.

Picchila: Slimy.

Prakrti: Form or nature that is responsible for all manifestation and duality.

Prthvi: Earth.

Purusa: Consciousness.

Q

R

Rajas: Activity, movement, passion.  One of the three guna (qualities).

Rasa:  The manifestation of subtle energy expressed as taste.

Rig Veda: Veda = knowledge. The Rig Veda is one of the four Vedas that form the pillar of Hindu texts.  The Rig Veda is original and oldest Veda.

Ruksa: Dry.

Rupa:  The manifestation of subtle energy expressed as sight.

S

Sabda:  The manifestation of subtle energy expressed as sound.

Salya cikitsa: Salya = knife, cikitsa = treatment.  Salya cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to the Ayurvedic practice of surgery.

Samkhya darsana: One of the six limbs of Vedas that is particularly relevant to Ayurveda.

Sandra: Solid.

Sastra: Teaching.

Sattva: The guna (quality) of purity.

Sita: Cold.

Slaksna: Smooth.

Snigdha: Greasy.

Sparsa:  The manifestation of subtle energy expressed as touch.

Sthira: Stability.

Sthula: Obvious.

Suksma: Subtle.

T

Takman: Takman refers to fever or the archetypal disease caused by excess.

Taksasila: An ancient city that was known to be a primary location for Ayurveda.

Tanmantra: Subtle essences perceived by the sense organs.

Tamas: Sloth, inertia, darkness.  One of the three gunas (qualities).

Tejas: Fire.

Tiksna: Fast.

U

Urdhvanga cikitsa: Urdhvanga cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to the treatment of otolaryngological issues (issues of the ear, nose, and throat) as well as issues of the eyes.

Usna: Hot.

V

Vayu: Wind.

Visada: Friction.

Vrsa cikitsa: Vrsa cikitsa is one of the eight limbs of Ayurveda and it refers to the treatment of sterility and impotence.

W

X

Y

Yaksma: Yaksma is equated to consumption, the opposite of takman (fever or excess), and is the archetypal deficiency disease.

Z